Martin, who was from the New Orleans area, was a center fielder who made his debut for Tulane against Spring Hill in the 1966 season opener. Tulane was 17-7 that season, its last as an SEC member.
Tulane Athletic Director Rick Dickson says Martin helped break down racial barriers in college sports, and that his appearance in a Tulane uniform was among the great moments in the university's history.
Tulane says Martin died Tuesday, but did not specify a cause of death.
Martin served in the U.S. Army and later became chief financial officer for Tuskegee University, retiring in 2012.