The family of the student made a claim in March 2005 that Kingsport City Schools had not complied with an individualized education program (IEP) for their son.
Court records state the student was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADTD) in first grade and â€œlearning disabledâ€ in 2003. When the student entered D-B in the fall of 2004, the school system developed an IEP for the student that included consultation services, preferential seating and a behavior plan.
The behavior plan called for the student to stop calling other students names, avoid contact with students with whom heâ€™d had prior incidents, and to report threats against him to school officials, court records state.
After beginning school in the fall of 2004 as a freshman, the student became involved in numerous altercations, including fights and being threatened. The student was also accused of making derogatory comments to other students.
In February 2005, the parents of the student removed him from D-B for homebound instruction. However, his grades began to drop. KCS proposed using â€œshadowsâ€ to follow the student around during the day, and once back at D-B the studentâ€™s grades improved and no other incidents were reported.
The parents requested a hearing in March 2005, claiming KCS had not complied with the IEP and maintained a hostile, dangerous and harassing environment that prevented their child from receiving a free, appropriate public education.
Hearings were held in November and December 2005 and in January and February 2006. Administrative Law Judge Marilyn Hudson ruled in favor of the parents.
Nearly two years ago, KCS appealed Hudsonâ€™s ruling in U.S. District Court in Greeneville seeking two reversals:
â€¢ That the IEP was not implemented and the behavior plan was insufficient.
â€¢ The ruling that the parents were the â€œprevailing partyâ€ for purposes of awarding attorneyâ€™s fees.
In its appeal, KCS argued administrators and teachers testified that each of the requirements of the behavior plan were implemented, including preferential seating, the modification of the studentâ€™s class schedule and the use of â€œshadowsâ€ â€” something the parents of the student demanded.
U.S. District Judge Leon Jordan issued a ruling earlier this month upholding Hudsonâ€™s ruling. â€œThe administrative law judge set out in her opinion the testimony of (KCSâ€™) own expert regarding the use of shadows, the reporting burdens in the behavior plan and the need for regular counseling,â€ Jordan wrote in his opinion.
Jordan also upheld Hudsonâ€™s ruling that the parents were the prevailing party for the purpose of awarding attorneyâ€™s fees.
â€œAlthough they did not prevail on all the issues they had before the administrative law judge â€” the bullying and request for a transfer to another school â€” they prevailed on issues concerning the behavior plan and use of the shadows,â€ Jordan wrote.
Amy Greear, community relations coordinator for KCS, said the school system is considering appealing the case.